Children of Pierre and Marie Jardelat

Pierre
Pierre (Pedro), the oldest child, was born 8 January 1764 at the Arkansas Post. He was baptized 20 July 1766, at the same time as his sister Carlota. His godparents, or sponsors, were Louis Perrault, merchant, and Francoise Mayeux.1 No records of marriage or baptism of children have been found for Pierre. One source mentions an old Frenchman, Peter Jardelow, who had made a lot of money.2 The same source notes that Peter Jordalles had possessions near the Post dating back to 1795. These references must all be about Pierre, the oldest Jardelat child who obviously remained in the area of the Post.


Charlotte
Charlotte (Carlota), the oldest daughter, was born 8 February 1766 at the Arkansas Post. She was baptized at the same time as her brother, Pierre, on 20 July 1766. Her godparents, or sponsors, were ___Songy, scrivener for the navy, and Charlotte Rillieux [Songy].3 She married Joseph Reynes (Reines, Renes) 24 January 1786 in New Orleans.4 Joseph and Charlotte lived in the French Quarter of New Orleans, at the corner of Toulouse and Chartres Streets. Their first house burned down in 1790 and in 1795 Joseph built another house on the same spot.5 The building now houses the Chartres House Cafe. Joseph and Charlotte had one child, José, born in 1793. According to one researcher, Joseph kept a mistress, Marie Louise Constant, a free woman of color, a common practice at the time, not far from the house where he and Charlotte lived.6

Another house that Joseph owned was the well-known Pitot House on Bayou St. John. In 1800 he became the second owner of the house built in 1799 by Bartholme Bosque. In 1805 he sold it to Madame Marie Tronquet Rillieux.7

In 1815, according to another researcher, Joseph and Charlotte moved to Paris. Charlotte died there on 22 September 1817 and Joseph died several years later on 24 June 1824. They are buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.8


Louise
Louise (Louisa, Luisa) was most likely born at the Arkansas Post. It was noted at her marriage that she was a native of the parish. No baptismal record has been found for her. She was married to Etienne (Estevan) le Vasseur 16 April 1798.9 Etienne was born in Quebec to Stanislas le Vasseur and Francoise L'Oeil (Loeil). He had at least two siblings, Carolina, born about 1763 in Quebec, and Francois (Francisco). Etienne was a resident of the parish at the time of their marriage and he and other family members are listed in censuses at the Post. Because their first child was born 3 July 1796 and baptized in December of the same year,10 it is likely that Etienne and Louise were married informally before their 1798 marriage. Priests did not seem to get out to the Post that often and some children were not baptized until several years after they were born. Why Etienne and Louise were not married when the priest was there to baptize their son in 1796 is not known. Louise was living in the le Vasseur household at the time of the 1896 census.11 Their children were Atanase, born 3 July 1796; Rosemo, born 9 January 1799; Delfina, born 14 July 1801; and Rene Victor, born 28 June 1809.12

Baptism of Atanase le Vasseur, son of Louise Jardelat and Etienne le Vasseur
Descent report for the le Vasseur family of Arkansas Post


Louis
It is not known when Louis was born but the censuses taken at the Post appeared to list the children in order by age.13 He was older than Alexis but it is not known if he was older or younger than Charlotte and Louise. There were two sons in the family in the 1766 census and one girl who would have been Charlotte. It is possible that one of these two sons died and that he was born later. He had to have been born by about 1769 at the latest because Alexis was born in 1770. Louis married Agustina Valliere, daughter of Josef Valliere and Maria Feliciana Morand, on 17 July 1802.14 Agustina died 22 May 1805, not long after their marriage. She is buried in St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 in New Orleans. She was 21.15 Josef Valliere was the Commandant of the Post between 1787 and 1790.16

Louis continued to live at the Arkansas Post and is mentioned (as Louis Jordella) in regard to an acre of land that he owned at the Post which he sold to Jacob Bright who ran a trading house in Tennessee. A tavern was later built on this land which was called Montgomery's Tavern. Louis sold his trading house to Jacob Bright as well. After he sold his land and business, Louis went to work for Jacob Bright, whose trading house then became the largest and most important one on the Arkansas River. On a trip up the Arkansas River in 1806 to set up a site for a new trading post, Jacob Bright, his men and a few Osage hunters who were with them were attacked and Luis was killed:

At dawn on August 10, they were attacked by a war party, whom some of the traders believed were Choctaw. In the first volley one of the Osage hunters was killed and the other three fled. The Choctaw kept up their fire for about 15 minutes. They then ceased shooting and withdrew. When he mustered his force, Bright found that besides the Osage, the score of attackers had killed two of his men, Louis Jordella and Augustine Strong. Jordella, in attempting to escape by swimming the Arkansas, had been shot. The loss of Jordella was a severe blow. A native of Post of Arkansas, and an experienced trader and hunter, he had been placed by Bright in charge of the Osage trading house. Jordella was in the prime of life, and possessed of both modesty and integrity, and his loss would be a blow to the community, as well as the company.17


Alexis
Alexis (Alexo) was born 12 April 1770 at the Arkansas Post and baptized 15 March 1779.18 There are two baptismal records for children born to Alexis Jardelas and Helene Ambeau (Imbaux). One is for Zenon Jardelas, born 11 February 1826, and baptized 24 January 1830; the other is for Caroline, daughter of Alexis Jardelas and Helene Ambeau. These were both from the Catholic Register of Arkansas, so the children were probably born at or near the Post. Because Alexis would have been fairly old by the time these two children were born, it is possible that the father of the two children might be a different Alexis, a son of one of his brothers.19


Marie Louise
Marie Louise (Maria Luisa) was baptized 19 April 1772.20 No birth date was recorded in the baptismal record. No marriage has been found for Marie Louise nor any baptismal records of her children. She is often in the records as a witness or a godmother for a child and she can sign her name. She is still living with her mother in the last census in 1798.


Adelaide
Adelaide was born 15 Mar 1779 and baptized 9 July 1786.21 There are no other records for Adelaide and she does not show up in any of the census records where the children are mentioned by name.


Marguerite
Marguerite (Margarita) was born 08 Jan 1781 and baptized 17 October 1792.22 Marguerite does not appear in the 1796 and 1798 censuses and it is not known where she was during this time. On 2 Apr 1799 she married Pablo Graupera in the St. Louis Cathedral in New Orleans.23 Pablo Graupera was born in Calella, Cataluna, Spain about 1768. Pablo and Marguerite had at least three children: Pauline, Yldefonso de la Paz, and Josephine.24 Pauline married Celestino Gonzalez of Pensacola and Josephine married Louis Gagnet. Pablo died in 1818 and is buried in St. Louis Cemetery Number 1.25 Marguerite was in Pensacola in 1830 where she is listed in the census as head of a household of twelve, including five slaves. She is in New Orleans in 1850, listed as the Widow Graupera, and living with her daughter Josephine Gagnet, two other Gagnets and her grandson Fernando Mendoza, 29, her daughter Pauline's son by her first marriage to Antonio Mendosa. She died in June 1855 and she is probably buried somewhere in New Orleans. 26

Record of death: Marguerite Jardelat Graupera, 1855


Jean
Jean (Juan) was listed by the name Juan in the 1794, 1796 and 1798 censuses taken at the Arkansas Post.27 Jean also continued to live in the area of the Arkansas Post. In October 1816, "Jean and Alexis Jardeles" made affidavits before a judge in the area of the Post.28 He was married to Cecile Joliet and they had three children: Jean, Pauline and Benjamin. Two of the children, Pauline and Benjamin, were baptized together on 25 January 1830, Pauline was five and Benjamin was two and a half. Jean, their older brother was listed in Pauline's record as her brother and Godfather.29


Joseph
Joseph (José), the youngest son, is listed in the 1794, 1796 and 1798 censuses at the Post, each time as under thirteen years of age.30 In 1804 he is listed in the New Orleans census as Joseph Jardelat; 1820 he is listed in the census as Joseph Jardela, living on Rue du Quartier, now called Barracks St.31 In 1820 his age is in the 26-45 age group.32 When his sister Marguerite's husband, Pablo Granpera, died in 1818, Joseph was made guardian of his two minor children. He was later involved in a court case brought by Pauline Granpera and her husband Celestino Gonzalez for payment of the unpaid amount. The original estate came to a considerable amount.33

Joseph does not appear to have married, but he did have a mistress, a free woman of color, named Carmelite Boisseau. He lived with Carmelite in her mother Manon's home in New Orleans.34 In the 1822 city directory of New Orleans, Joseph Jardela is living at 39 Barrack St. on the corner of Bourbon St. He was listed as a sea captain.35 Joseph died 5 March 1828 in New Orleans.

Record of death: Joseph Jardelat, 1828


Judith
Judith, is in the census records at the Arkansas Post, 1794, 1796, and 1798. She was christened 25 Feb 1790 in New Orleans and was about eleven months old at the time. She is listed in the baptismal record as Judig Cherdelo/Cherdelat. Her sister Carlota/Charlotte was one of her sponsors.36



Related Links:
Descendant report for Alain Jardelat and Marie Guerique
Alain Jardelat and Marie Guerique
Pierre Jardelat and Marie Songy (dit Languedoc)
More on Arkansas Post
Descent chart showing the ancestry from Alain Jardelat to Anne Healy Field



  1. Sacramental Records of the Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, vol. 2, 1751-1771. Woods, Earl C. and Charles E. Nolan. New Orleans, Archdiocese of New Orleans, c1988, p.155.

  2. Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas. Josiah H. Shinn. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1967, pp.44, 91.

  3. Sacramental Records of the Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, vol. 2, 1751-1771.

  4. Sacramental Records of the Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, v.4, 1784-1790. Woods, Earl C. and Charles E. Nolan. New Orleans, Archdiocese of New Orleans, c.1989.

  5. Chartres House Cafe website: http://www.chartreshousecafe.com/history.html.

  6. From the LAORLEAN-L Archives at Rootsweb, http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/LAORLEAN/2000-06/0960846604, accessed 13 July 2010, a researcher has given the obituary of Marie Louise Constant which appeared in the New Orleans Bee, no date given, written in French: "Deceased yesterday at 10:00 in the morning at the age of 76 years of age, "Dame" Marie Louise CONSTANT. Her friends and acquaintances, along with her children Constant and Louise REYNES and also their families GUESNON and RICHEUX will be present without other invitation to assist with the funeral services which will begin this morning at 10:00. The body is laid out at St. Ann st. between Bourgogne [Burgundy] and Rampart".

  7. Madame Rillieux was the widow of Vincent Rillieux and sister-in-law of Charlotte Rillieux, Vincent's sister. Charlotte Rillieux and her husband, Valentin Joseph Songy, scrivener for the navy, were the godparents of Charlotte Jardelat, as noted above. This Songy family was most likely related to Marie Songy Jardelat, Charlotte's mother, but it is not known how they were related. Songy appears to be spelled Saunier sometimes and Marie is also known as Marie Languedoc.

  8. This information has not yet been confirmed.

  9. Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), Dorothy Jones Core, compiler and editor. DeWitt, Arkansas, Grand Prairie Historical Society, 1976), p.42. The marriage record lists the names of the parents of both parties and gives Etienne's birthplace as Quebec.

  10. A Baptismal Record of the Parishes along the Arkansas River, Aug. 5, 1796 - July 16, 1802. Pine Bluff, Jefferson Co. Historical Society, 1982. Birth of Atanase was 3 July 1796 and baptism was 30 December 1796.

  11. Arkansas Colonials: a Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas, 1686-1804. Comp. and ed. by Morris S. Arnold and Dorothy Jones Core, Commemorating the 300th Anniversary of Arkansas Post. A Sequicentennial Project of the Grand Prairie Historical Society. DeWitt, Arkansas: DeWitt Publishing Co., [1986], p.67.

  12. A Baptismal Record of the Parishes along the Arkansas River, Aug. 5, 1796 - July 16, 1802. Rosemo was born 9 January 1799 and baptized 20 January 1799; Delfina was born 14 July 1801 and baptized 16 July 1802.

    Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), p.44. Rene was born 28 June 1809 and baptized 1 June 1820.

  13. Arkansas Colonials: a Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas, 1686-1804.

  14. Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), p.80. 17 July 1802 "Luis Jardelat, native of this Post, son of Pedro Jardelat and Maria Langedoque, both natives of New Orleans, and Augustina Valliere, native of New Orleans, and daughter of Josef Valliere, native of Lagedoque [sic], and Maria Feliciana Morand, native of New Orleans..."

  15. St. Louis Cemeteries nos. 1, 2, and 3 records, 1770-1935. Microfilm of original records filmed in the Louisiana Historical Center. Cemetery no. 1 Farary - Laenoix - FHL MF 1292169: "Jardela. Dona Maria Agustina Valier, daughter of Don Joseph Valier and Dona Maria Felicite de Morant, wife of Don Luis Jardela, died May 22, 1805, Aged 21 years." Place of death is not given, but it most likely New Orleans.

  16. Arkansas Colonials: a Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas, 1686-1804, p.19, which includes a small portrait of Valliere.

  17. “Montgomery’s Tavern and Johnston and Armstrong’s Store.” Historic Structure Report, Historical Data, by Edwin C. Bearss. Washington, D.C., Office of History and Historic Architecture, Eastern Service Center, May 31, 1971. Published to the web at http://www.nps.gov/archive/arpo/monttav/index.htm. Accessed 22 April 2009. Montgomery's Tavern was built on the land that Louis Jardelat sold to Jacob Bright.

  18. Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), p.11.

  19. Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), p.52.

  20. Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), p.10.

  21. Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), p.10-11.

  22. Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), p.14-15.

  23. Sacramental Records of the Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, Vol. 6, 1796-1799, Ed. by Earl C. Woods and Charles E. Nolan. New Orleans, Archdiocese of New Orleans, p.53, 140.

  24. Pauline: Libro Primero de Confirmaciones de esta Parroquia de Sn. Luis de La Nueva Orleans, New Orleans, Genealogical Research Society of New Orleans, 1967. Translated as: First book of Confirmations of this Parish of St. Louis of New Orleans, containing folios from the beginning up to the present, p.132, Paula Grampera, daughter of Pablo and Margarita confirmed 4 Oct 1800. She was only a few months old.

    Yldefonso de la Paz: Sacramental Records of the Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, Vol. 6, 1796-1799. Earl C. Woods and Charles El Nolan. New Orleans, Archdiocese of New Orleans, 1991?, p.156.

    Josephine: Escambia County, Florida, Circuit Court and County Court, Archives Division. Court Case 1834-2801. C. Gonzalez vs. M. Jardella. Documents in this case mention Mrs. Josephine Gagnet receiving money from the estate of her father Pablo Graupera, deceased. Another document in this case mentions Joseph Jardela, guardian of the minor daughters of the late Pablo Graupera.

  25. St. Louis Cemeteries nos. 1, 2, and 3 records, 1770-1935. Information on index cards: Graupera, Don Pablo, Native of Cataluna in Spain. Husband of Margarita Tardela [Jardela]; son of Mariano Graupera and Margarita Galupa; Died Apr 24, 1818, Aged 50 yrs.

  26. 1830 U.S. Census, Escambia County, Florida, p.106. Marguerite is head of household; there are twelve people in the house including five slaves.

    1850 U.S. Census. Louisiana, Orleans Parish, New Orleans, Ward 4, p.337, family no. 963.

    Record of death: Marguerite Jardelat Graupera, 1855, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, Death Records & Certificates, v.17, p.48. FHL MF 90250.

  27. Arkansas Colonials: a Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas, 1686-1804.

  28. Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas. Josiah H. Shinn. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1967, p.97.

  29. Abstract of Catholic Register of Arkansas (1764-1858), p.54. The parents, Jean and Cecile, are listed in both baptismal records but no marriage for them has been found.

  30. Arkansas Colonials: a Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas, 1686-1804.

  31. 1804 Census, New Orleans, Louisiana. Microfilm of original records in the New Orleans Public Library. FHL MF 1309932, item 1. Joseph Jardelat is listed by himself in the census. His name is clear but his age is smudged. The census is in French and it is difficult to make out anything else.

  32. 1820 U.S. Census. Louisiana, Orleans, New Orleans, Accessed at Ancestry.com 28 Apr 2009, p.292, Joseph Jardela is the only person listed at his address on the Rue du Quartier.

  33. Escambia County, Florida, Circuit Court and County Court, Archives Division. Court Case 1834-2801. C. Gonzalez vs. M. Jardella. Documents in this case mention Joseph Jardela, guardian of the minor daughters of the late Pablo Graupera.

  34. Joseph and Carmelite had a daughter named Josephine, a free woman of color. Source: Digital Library on American Slavery, http://library.uncg.edu/slavery/details.aspx?pid=16381. Petition 20882844, State of Louisiana, 1828-1829. Josephine's petition involved the sale of three slaves from the late Joseph Jardelas's estate which she said belonged to her.

  35. 1822 New Orleans City Directory. Louisiana Division, Main Branch, New Orleans Public Library. Accessed 13 July 2010 at http://files.usgwarchives.org/la/orleans/history/directory/1822nocd.txt. Submitted by Colleen Fitzpatrick.

  36. Arkansas Colonials: a Collection of French and Spanish Records Listing Early Europeans in the Arkansas, 1686-1804.

  37. Sacramental Records of the Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, vol. 4, 1784-1790, by Rev. Msgr. Earl C. Woods and Dr. Charles E. Nolan, New Orleans, Archdiocese of New Orleans, c1989, p.58.




Anne Healy's Genealogy, Created October 2002
Photographs and web page content,Copyright © 2002-2008, Anne Field, all rights reserved.
Please feel free to link to my web page. For permission to use any pictures or content on my web pages, please email me at


This page created 6 May 2009
updated 15 July 2017
[home|jardelat]